Testosterone is predominantly recognized as a male hormone but it is also produced in the ovaries and female adrenal glands in small quantities.
There is now increased chatter about testosterone levels in women due to media coverage of track star Caster Semenya, who was barred from competing due to her naturally high levels of testosterone.
Semenya, a double Olympic 800m champion, was discriminated against under rules requiring her to reduce her testosterone levels, mandating medication to reduce her testosterone levels, by the World Athletic Track and Field governing body.
A “News24” report recently stated that Semenya had won a lengthy court case over World Athletics’ requirement for hormone treatment for the athlete to compete.
The measures and procedures enacted in 2018 not only affected Semenya but all women athletes, who are classed as having “differences in sexual development (DSD)”.